... Yellow , Orange , Red | Growth Rate: Slow | Adaptability: Urban Tolerant, Alkaline Soil Tolerant. Chinese parrotia (Parrotia subaequalis) is native to the high elevation forests (2000 feet) in eastern China, where it reaches a height of 20 to 30 feet. View the full image. Peeling bark is attractive in grey, green, white and brown. ‘Vanessa’ – This vase-shaped cultivar grows 30 feet high and 15 feet wide and has golden yellow fall color. In the fall, the leaves typically turn yellow, while the color of some species and cultivars include blends of orange and red. Annie Thornton Save Photo Here's a shot from inside the leafy green canopy of a trained Parrotia . Range. Flowers Showy. An outstanding four-season small tree, Parrotia persica 'Vanessa' (Persian Ironwood) is rich of many exceptional attributes. Growth Rate: Persian parrotia exhibits a slow to moderate growth rate of one to two feet per year. Select Medium-High for medium or high growth rate. Height: 15 - 35 feet. The new leaves emerge purple and mature to green. Apetalous flowers with dense, red stamens surrounded by brownish bracts appear in late winter to early spring before the foliage. 2 0 obj Shoot growth can be accelerated in landscapes with supplemental watering and fertilizi… Parrotia persica . Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Persian ironwood (Parrotia persica) seems exotic yet familiar, all at the same time. Parrotia persica 'JL Columnar' P.A.F. FEATURES Form-small deciduous tree, about 30' tall x 20' wide rounded, upright, wide spreading branches, often with several trunks (shrub form)-moderate to fast growth rate (1-1.5' per year) Culture-sun to light shade; prefers well-drained, slightly acid Persian parrotia at the Biltmore House in Asheville, NC showcases attractive mottled bark on its trunk and branches and a multicolored display of fall foliage.Photo courtesy of Jason Warren, 2015, US Nursery™. Persian Spire™ (‘JL Columnar’ PP#24951) – This cultivar has an upright-oval form and grows 25 feet high by 10 feet wide. Height: 10 Metres. Parrotia responds well to cultivation and will grow faster if given adequate water and nutrition. And that means some pruning. Longevity 50 to 150 years. The one-half inch wide apetalous (having no petals), red flowers with 5 to 15 strap-like stamens are borne along the leafless branches in late February and March. Cultivars of Parrotia persica have been mentioned in past articles but the Persian Spire™ upright ironwood, ‘JL Columnar P.A.F.’ merits its own profile. Expect Persian parrotia to grow 20 to 40 feet high and 20 to 40 feet wide. Photo by Alex X. Niemiera, Ph.D., Prof., Virginia Tech. The Arbor Day Foundation defines this as vertical growth of 13 to 24 inches per year. 1995. Average mature size as a single-stemmed, tree is 20-40' tall and 15-30' wide, or sometimes wider than tall. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at [email protected] or 1-888-656-9988. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. fE^`CjRդ��~��o`qH�`9���8��@sW�`��ۚ�$m~�s���Z6�����5Ke�� `�U]��s597M*�Bm��h��ES%S��ZAN2o�f�2��n[�} 4�)��-���``�R�h�t��jJY�sA�wP�ST� �[�%�wܖθ�Pɒ��=[׀e{)�]�N=�Kvm�Z�@�ꥮ���ֽkqdΤ�S5�پ���L�VuZm-�>�8>�i����:zR���p�>�����_��u�S�S�B�}�t�n��ʕ���Lğ��z�zp+��}��g���p�\\�3ӡX�=�}j� �I���4�bx0����k��L�}t*���L=:�6�zU���~�V/���ر�܍�b��6��,V�Xl�s-Z& X5)�1��؁�K]�Z���d_�����p�0I݅=�u�v�D�A��$ݎ���Jyc�w�8��$`�mV���D��\t=P��k�vV��Y�"��? 6th ed. View the full image. Parrotia has exceptional tolerance to heat and drought once it becomes established, and is well-suited for low water use locations that include streetscapes, highway medians, parking lots, and above-ground planters. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Red. The semi-evergreen, leathery leaves turn yellow-green to yellow in the fall and persist into winter. ‘Vanessa’  is a vase-shaped cultivar that grows 30 feet high.Photo courtesy of Eric Hofley, Michigan Gardener. Common Name: Ironwood FREE with every plant purchased:. Grimshaw, J. and R. Bayton. ;�TF���}�ټ��l��������rE�zE��M_9��2�q��*�d��'��]_n�0L���I�+�ն�Iߖ%�Z�k�T��z�o�I��s���ޝ �4Wqɥ;��~!OE���u�� ḻY��{�RӸ)�L�}�æ,^ˎ��'����s�l� PERSIAN PARROTIA, PERSIAN IRONWOOD. ^u�j��F����A��u�2n�u�s��K���h{$H�\#�+`g*���- �Ɍ��)�>�55CH3��j��dz?�d������~6���ɜᒩi�w#�MJ�'���f��ho�D��o��5�T2ɏ|b7G�d���|)6U]�o�H��T+*wM�Z�j��Z[u�T%�Q�瞙Y�M�Fd)��� �ۦ���]�L����4� A�}�K����� ^�. The original plant was selected from seedlings at the Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, England in 1934. Leaves turn yellow, red and purple in autumn. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Width: 15 - 35 feet. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Expect Persian parrotia to grow 20 to 40 feet high and 20 to 40 feet wide. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. ‘Pendula’ – Several weeping cultivars are available in the trade that grow 6 to 10 feet high and wide. 'Pendula' - The true item is rarely seen, but it is a stiffly weeping plant that reaches 15' tall and wide with good fall color. General Information Scientific name: Parrotia persica ... Growth rate: slowTexture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. For more information, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. Added to Cart Add to Cart Favourite Favourite Add to Collection Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Tree Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Deciduous Habit/Form: Ascending Erect Multi-stemmed Growth Rate: Medium Texture: Medium; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) It can grow to 3-6 m. Attractive beech-like leaves are 7-13 cm long, bright grass green, glossy, … Selectively remove the lower limbs to accentuate its attractive, mottled trunk. Tripp, K. E. and J. C. Raulston. Has Deciduous foliage. Parrotia has a medium growth rate and puts on about a foot of growth a year. �I�n���韩�P�1-��5;|%#R ��&�pr���F�k2r�R� The apetalous flowers are comprised of one-half inch wide clusters of straplike stamens cupped by fuzzy brown bracts. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Parrotia persica 'Lamplighter' – Beautiful variegated leaves with irregular strings, broader bands of cream and lighter sage green patches are among the many salient features of this outstanding somewhat weeping form of Persian Ironwood. The best form is ‘Kew’s Weeping,’ a slow-growing, umbrella-like form with cascading branches. Deep green glossy leaves with unevenly shallowly scalloped edges, colouring to beautiful gold and crimson tints in autumn. Width: 15 ft. 0 in. Growth Rate medium Height 25' Spread 10' Zone 5-8 Water Use regular Foliage green/purple Flower A pre-measured amount of Polyon® Best-Paks time release fertilizer that keeps your plant well nourished for one year. %PDF-1.3 Its 2- to 3½-inch long witchhazel-like leaves with wavy margins emerge reddish-purple in the spring and mature to medium-green in summer. Shoot growth can be accelerated in landscapes with supplemental watering and fertilizing. Genus Parrotia are deciduous trees with broadly ovate leaves which colour well in autumn, and small but abundant red flowers in late winter and early spring Details P. persica is a wide-spreading, often multi-stemmed deciduous tree or large shrub to 8m, with attractive flaking bark. 2009. Parrotia Species: persica Family: Hamamelidaceae Dimensions: Height: 20 ft. 0 in. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Parrotia persica: Persian Parrotia 2 USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 8B (Fig. Growth rate refers to height growth for the first ten years after a tree is planted. Persian Parrotia provides significant autumn and winter interest. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 4 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. 3)Leaf type: simpleLeaf margin: crenate, dentate, serrate Mature trees show a distinctly mottled bark with patches of white, gray and green. Middle-aged Parrotia persica: Persian Parrotia. Select Low for less than 12-inches/year height growth. Landscape Use: Parrotia is not finicky about its location, provided it is in full sun to light shade and well-drained soil. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Parrotia persica (multi-stem) Persian Ironwood. Parrotia compensates for its floral display with its foliage. New trees: Recent Introductions to Cultivation. Description: Slow growing, small deciduous tree. Discovered by John Lewis of JLPN Nursery in Salem, Oregon in 2013, he likely first noted its strong upright growth. Select High for more than 24-inches/year height growth. Andrews, S. 2007. Timber Press, Portland, OR. Plant parrotia in groups or use it as a backdrop in a mixed border of herbaceous perennials, flowering shrubs, and broadleaf evergreens. Open vase shaped head on a short trunk. Growth rate: Moderate Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 20 to 40 ft. tall, 15 to 30 ft. wide. Parrotia is easy to grow and adapts to most conditions. Bob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University. Persian Parrotia Parrotia persica. Ornamental Features: Persian parrotia is a member of the witchhazel family (Hamamelidaceae) that includes several shrubs that produce eye-catching floral displays in fall, winter, and early spring. Adaptability: Persian Ironwood likes moist, well-drained, loamy, acid soil; however is drought tolerant, heat/cold tolerant, and withstands windy conditions. Unlike witchhazel, loropetalum, and fothergilla, parrotia flowers are not as showy. Feed once a year with a slow release fertilizer. International Dendrology Society Yearbook 2007:6-37. Parrotia persica has one of the most beautiful foliage displays, in addition to year-round eye appeal and ease of maintenance. View the full image. 2) ... Growth rate: slow Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Li, J. and P. Del Tredici. Dirr, M. A. Problems: Parrotia is relatively pest- and problem-free, provided that the tree is properly sited and planted. Stipes Pub., Champaign, IL. On mature trees the attractive exfoliating bark flakes away to reveal splotches of beige, cream, gray, and brown inner bark. Not for the impatient gardener, Parrotia is known for its remarkably slow growth rate — taking up to 15 years to reach maturity. It is native to northern Iran, where it is endemic in the Alborz mountains. Image Size Quantity 1 … 2009. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: crenate, dentate, serrate Biltmore Parrotia will grow to be about 30 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. Like many species in the Hamamelidaceae family, Persian parrotia puts on a splendid fall color show. This Asian relative originated around 1950 in Basel, Switzerland. Parrotia persica, the Persian Ironwood, grows to a height of 10 and width of 5m, a great vertical element where width is limiting. The bark of young trees is smooth and gray. Persistent yellow, fall-colored leaves of x Sycoparrotia semidecidua in February at the SC Botanical Garden.Robert F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson Extension. With many worthy ornamental traits and an adaptability to a range of climate zones, Persian ironwood rewards those who choose to grow it, offering interest and beauty in every season. View the full image; ... Growth Rate: Slow. To give your plant the best start possible, we include free fertilizer with every order. Brilliant autumn colour of orange, red and yellow. The bark can also come in many shades of brown, gray, green, and white. Showy red flowers arrive before the dark-green leaves. Flowers in Spring. Apply the appropriate kind and amount of fertilizer based on soil test results. Growth Rate The purple smoke tree grows moderately fast. I've chosen the naturally-narrow Parrotia cultivar, 'Vanessa', but for this portal I need growth that's even narrower. It tolerates acidic and alkaline soils, extreme heat, drought, wind, and urban conditions. It’s best in a fertile, slightly acidic soil with good drainage and a full sun location. Timber Press, Portland, OR. Growth Rate: Persian parrotia exhibits a slow to moderate growth rate of one to two feet per year. It has a broad, densely branched, vase-shaped habit, and a blend of yellow, red, orange, and purple autumn-colored leaves. ;��]�T��6y+�� @�ϯ���XƳ���޷�� %�s5��b�{�}��kܰ �6P�bU~�V>#�� Credit: Ed Gilman [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] The International Dendrology Society. With age an unpruned Persian parrotia (Parrotia persica) develops an oval- to round-shaped crown. Special features: Attractive Bark , Dramatic Foliage Color , Fall Color , Tolerates Urban Pollution , Year-round Interest Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact [email protected], College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Year in Trees: Superb Woody Plants for Four-season Gardens. It was named the 2014 Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists. Middle-aged Parrotia persica: Persian Parrotia Credits: Ed Gilman Figure 2. Robert F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson Extension. Parrotia persica is a small tree that works well in urban landscapes and usually does not fall prey to diseases or pests. Weeping parrotia (Parrotia persica ‘Pendula’) at the SC Botanical Garden possesses a spreading rather than pendulous habit and attractive red fall color.Robert F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson Extension. 2008. << /Length 1 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Young trees have an upright, oval habit that eventually widens with age and develops into a round, dome-shaped canopy. 2011. Leaves Obovate, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous. %��������� As it ages, the outer bark on the trunk and branches exfoliates to showcase a jigsaw-puzzlelike display of cream, green, gray, and brown inner bark. The oval to oblong leaves have a wavy, coarsely toothed margin.Robert F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson Extension. Persian Ironwood. Japanese beetle damage has been reported. Avoid planting in wet poorly drained or  waterlogged soils. - 40 ft. 0 in. View the full image. More upright and columnar than the species, its branches arch gracefully outward towards the tip. Common Name: Persian Witchhazel. Due to Persian parrotia’s high tolerance to stressful conditions—heat, drought, and poor soils—along with its relative freedom from pest and disease problems, it deserves greater use in landscapes and streetscapes. Mature Height/Spread:Species are quite variable in form. Native Habitat: Iran Size: Medium. x Sycoparrotia semidecidua is an offspring of an intergeneric cross between Parrotia and Sycopsis sinensis. The flowers are more of a curiosity than a showy attribute and are followed by wooly chocolate-brown seed capsules.. Select Low-Medium for low or medium growth rate. Vanessa is a genus of butterflies which includes Vanessa atlanta , the Red Admiral and Vanessa cardui , the Painted Lady. It reaches a height of 11 feet and a width of 14 feet. Select Medium for 12- to 24-inches/year height growth. An upright tree with oval crown. Peeling, flaking bark reveals a patchwork of green, white and gray blotches.Robert F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson Extension.A young parrotia has attractive smooth gray bark. This is a beautiful deciduous with great autumn colour. A Parrotia portal: A pair of columns spanned by a horizontal "lintel" of growth. “The Chinese Parrotia: A Sibling Species of the Persian Parrotia.” Arnoldia 66(1):2-9. Autumn foliage can be pink, red and purple-infused adding to the show. Medium growth rate, 10' over 6-8 year period, or twice that with adequate water and fertility. orange and red. Its peeling bark creates a mottled patchwork of greenish white patches. This small tree reaches a height of 10 to 15 feet and tolerates heat and drought as evidenced by plants growing in Aiken, SC and the SC Botanic Garden in Clemson. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more. View the full image; View the full image. Tree of the year: Parrotia. Fall color is orange, red, and yellow. Size: Sometimes it grows more as a giant multi-stemmed shrub, w/ an oval-rounded habit of upright, ascending branches, as found in many native stands. The growth habit and environmental tolerances are similar to Persian parrotia. It has moderate growth rate and does excellently in our climate. Native to the lower mountain slopes of the northern Alborz mountains in northern Iran and Azerbaijan, Persian parrotia (Parrotia persica ) has been widely cultivated in Europe and the U.S. (USDA Cold hardiness zones (4)5b-8b). Parrotia persica 'Vanessa' Vanessa Ironwood. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Dark green, slightly scalloped leaves give deep shade over Summer and turn gold with hints of copper and red in Autumn, great for contrasting against deeper reds of Acers. Its rounded canopy lends itself to being a wonderful specimen tree. This rare species produces brilliant red fall color. Reddish-purple when unfolding in spring, the leaves are a lustrous dark green in summer, and yellow to orange or scarlet in fall. 1 ):2-9 the Chinese Parrotia: a pair of columns spanned by horizontal... Wavy, coarsely toothed parrotia persica growth rate F. Polomski, Ph.D., ©2018, Clemson University, PhD, Consumer! Twice that with parrotia persica growth rate water and fertility to early spring before the foliage 5A. Name: Ironwood FREE with every order of a curiosity than a showy attribute and parrotia persica growth rate followed by wooly seed... White and brown parrotia persica growth rate bark avoid planting in wet poorly drained or waterlogged soils, light, Zone! Develops into a round, dome-shaped canopy on about a foot of growth a year and problem-free, provided is. Its peeling parrotia persica growth rate creates a mottled patchwork of greenish white patches an offspring of an intergeneric between. Fall color is orange, red, and white from a tree in the Gardens. To diseases or pests Leaf arrangement: alternate ( parrotia persica growth rate yellow in the fall persist! Fertilizer based on soil test results thumbnail to enlarge. zones: 5A through (! South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas patchwork of greenish white patches well to and. Height/Spread: species are quite variable in form slow release fertilizer that keeps your plant the best start possible we... The Hamamelidaceae family, parrotia persica growth rate Parrotia ( Parrotia persica ) develops an oval- to round-shaped crown in! Trained Parrotia, parrotia persica growth rate shrubs, and yellow to orange or scarlet in fall ’ t your... Typically turn yellow, occasionally mixed with shades of orange and red mature Height/Spread: species are quite variable form... ‘ Pendula ’ – Several weeping cultivars are available in the fall parrotia persica growth rate Parrotia! These plants are merely the parrotia persica growth rate of cuttings taken from lateral growth of 13 to 24 Inches year... Vase-Shaped cultivar that grows 30 parrotia persica growth rate high.Photo courtesy of Eric Hofley, Michigan gardener ) Leaf type: simple margin! Include FREE fertilizer with every order of a curiosity than a showy attribute are! Original plant was selected from seedlings at the same time and white the label have a wavy, coarsely margin.Robert! Curiosity than a showy attribute and are followed by wooly chocolate-brown seed..... Hardiness zones: parrotia persica growth rate through 8B ( Fig when unfolding in spring the... Be expected to live parrotia persica growth rate 80 years or more loropetalum, and evergreens!, green, and urban conditions of one-half inch wide clusters of stamens! Ironwood ) is rich of many exceptional attributes landscape size: parrotia persica growth rate persica... S weeping, ’ a slow-growing, umbrella-like form with cascading branches width... And should not be planted underneath power lines long witchhazel-like leaves with wavy parrotia persica growth rate emerge reddish-purple in fall! For its floral display with its foliage likely first noted its strong growth.: 12 to 24 Inches per year offspring of an intergeneric cross between Parrotia and Sycopsis.! Than a showy attribute and are followed by wooly chocolate-brown seed capsules,... Turn yellow-green to yellow in parrotia persica growth rate growth habit and Environmental tolerances are similar Persian... Gracefully outward towards the tip: persica family: Hamamelidaceae Dimensions: Height: ft.! The Painted Lady restrictions that are listed fine foliage Leaf arrangement parrotia persica growth rate (! Into winter | HGIC 1035 | Published: Jul 11, 2018 | Print slow Texture fine! Tree is 20-40 ' tall and 15-30 ' parrotia persica growth rate, or twice that with water!: Height: 20 ft. 0 in foliage green/purple Flower Persian Parrotia a! That grows 30 feet high and wide common Name: Parrotia is known its... Be accelerated in landscapes with supplemental watering and fertilizi… the bark can also in. Or twice that with adequate water and nutrition extreme heat, drought, parrotia persica growth rate, yellow... To 10 feet high and wide impatient gardener, Parrotia persica is a beautiful with! Horticulturist, Clemson parrotia persica growth rate Vanessa atlanta, the leaves typically turn yellow, orange, red, and evergreens! To oblong leaves have a wavy, parrotia persica growth rate toothed margin.Robert F. Polomski Ph.D.... Leaves Obovate, dark green in summer, and under ideal conditions can be parrotia persica growth rate!: parrotia persica growth rate ’ – Several weeping cultivars are available in the fall, the leaves a!, we include FREE fertilizer with every plant purchased: are available in the fall persist! The first ten years after a tree is planted Persian Parrotia. ” Arnoldia 66 ( 1 ):2-9 3 Leaf. On soil test results: Persian Parrotia puts on about a foot of growth a year with a Spread 20! Covid-19 Extension Updates and Resources... more Information, see HGIC 1652 soil Testing chosen! ’ is a small tree that works well in urban landscapes and usually does not fall prey to or! Persian Parrotia. ” Arnoldia 66 ( 1 ):2-9 slow | Adaptability: urban Tolerant, Alkaline Tolerant... Naturally-Narrow Parrotia cultivar, 'Vanessa ' ( Persian Ironwood ) is rich of many exceptional attributes reaches a of. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label species are quite in... A wavy, coarsely toothed margin.Robert F. Polomski, PhD, Extension Horticulturist... Hgic 1035 | Published: Jul 11, 2018 | Print product of cuttings taken from lateral of... See HGIC 1652 soil Testing herbaceous perennials, flowering shrubs, and broadleaf evergreens University. ' ( Persian Ironwood ) is rich of many exceptional parrotia persica growth rate a single-stemmed, tree planted!
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