A computer network is defined to be an interconnected collection of autonomous computers. As shown in the diagram above the departments of the university are using a computer network to share information such as files, folders, images, excel sheets, documents and emails. Computer Network uses distributed processing in which task is divided among several computers. . Computer networks are playing an important role in providing services to a large organization as well as to common man. Networks make computers and their users capable of being connected together. Computer networking also allows the sharing of network resources, such as printers, dedicated servers, backup systems, input devices and Internet connections. Information can be in the form of audio, video, text, gig and in other formats as well. Sharing of IoT devices such as printers or storage devices. The following diagram shows an example of an internetwork. In a local area network, all the machines are connected to a single cable. When a network spans a large distance, local area network cannot be used so for large distances wide area network is used. It is designed to extend over an entire city. Virtually every company that has two or more computers now has e-mail (electronic mail), which employees generally use for a great deal of daily communication. Some of the most important uses of the Internet for home users are as follows: Access to remote information; Person-to-person communication; Interactive entertainment; Electronic commerce . Metropolitan area networks interconnect computer resources in a geographic area, while storage area networks interconnect storage devices and resources. Administrators of computers, systems and networks have the responsibility to protect the rights of users and promote respect for applicable laws and license provisions, to set policies consistent with those rights and responsibilities, and to publicize those policies to their users. The computer plays a vital role in our daily life. Hardware sharing: Users can share devices such as printers, scanners, CD-ROM drives, hard drives etc. Bus topology is used in local area networks. When you’re ready to network your computers, one of … . Connection Oriented and Connectionless Services. . Computer networks are used to carry out a large number of tasks through the sharing of information. They have authority to control or refuse access to anyone who violates these policies or threatens the rights of other users or fails to comply with applicable laws or license provisions; they should make reasonable efforts to notify users a… Uses Of Computer Network. A computer network offers a personalized experience. A goal that is starting to become more important in businesses is doing business with consumers over the Internet. . WAN stands for wide area network. In contrast, the employees have simple machines, called Clients, on their desks, using which they access remote data. Here are the fundamental benefits/pros of using Computer Networking: Helps you to connect with multiple computers together to send and receive information when accessing the network. 2. Computer Network is a system which allows communication among the computers connected in the network. The computer networks are playing an important role in providing services to large organizations as well as to the individual common man. The following diagram shows an example of a local area network. Instead, a single computer handles an entire task, each separate computer handles a subset. It is used for transferring large blocks of data between its users. . Computer network applications are network software applications that utilize the Internet or other network hardware infrastructure to perform useful functions for example file transfers within a network. Her work appears on various websites, including FinWeb and DoItYourself, and she is a member of the Canadian Writers Association. 24.12 Parekh-Gallager Theorem. . We humans explore and challenge computer science daily. . The computer network is divided into different categories. Uses of computer networks 1. These departments are interconnected with each other through a network. . We will send you exclusive offers when we launch our new service. USES OF COMPUTER NETWORKS. WAN is cheaper and more efficient to use. Computer Network Computer Engineering MCA. These computers may be within the same building, campus, city or different cities. . Software is now able to computer the risk of a disease. Metropolitan Area Network: A network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN, such as a city. . It is a widely useful network for sharing resources like files, printers, games, and other application. . In this tutorial of computer networks, you’re going to learn what is computer network, Different types of a computer network such as LAN, MAN, WAN, Wireless network and Internet with proper examples and diagrams, What are the uses or applications of a computer network. . Computer network is an important financial aspect for organizations because it saves money. A computer network can provide a powerful communication medium among employees. Computer networks are fairly ubiquitous in today’s hyper-connected world and are critical to the functioning of most organizations. Other types … The connection of a computer network can be done by connecting a set of computers so that the information can be shared. Interconnected means capable of exchanging information, and autonomous means, that there is no dictatorship. Airlines, bookstores and music vendors have discovered that many customers like the convenience of shopping from home. Topology: Point to Point Network & Multipoint Connection, What is Computer Network |Uses| its Types(LAN, MAN, WAN), Best Exam Writing Tips: How to write answers in university exams. . A bridge is a network device that connects multiple LANs (local area networks) together to form a larger LAN. . Without computer networks, device sharing is … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What is Computer Network. Computer networks are used to share files and data between computers like sharing file in office or sharing file from one city to other city. . So, uses and significance of networking has gained momentum during the last years. . Computer networks are the interconnections of several computers for the sharing of information, resources, software, hardware, and more. When two or more computers are interconnected with each other and transfer data among each other is called a computer network. Computer networks provide access to online libraries, journals, electronic newspapers, chat rooms, social networking websites, email clients and the World Wide Web. Your feedback really matters to us. WAN provide distance transmission of data, audio, images and video information. Mental health researchers are using computers to screen troubled teenagers in need of psychotherapy. For example, A cable network. . In wireless networks, computers are connected with each other without a wire or cable and information is transformed through unguided media. Let's start exploring the uses of Computer Networks with some traditional usecases at companies and for individuals and then move on to the recent developments in the area of mobile users and home networking. © 2020 Studytonight. Departments of university ABC are BBA, B.COM, B Tech, BCA, BA and B.SC. The LANs are easy to design. The following diagram shows an example of a wide area network(WAN). They help us to transfer data from one point to another within the network. Programs and software in any computer can be accessed by other computers linked … • Even though the computers are located in different locations, the organizations want to keep track of inventories, monitor productivity, do the ordering and billing etc. While we are planning on brining a couple of new things for you, we want you too, to share your suggestions with us. To function as a server, a computer must be running a network operating system (NOS), a special type of software designed to manage data and other resources for a number of clients. Wireless networks have many applications. Let’s Get Started, Happy learning! Although wireless networking and mobile computing are often related, they are not identical, as the below figure shows. . The computer network names the set of computers and other interconnected computers, which share information, resources, and services. Metropolitan area network is a combination of many LANs. This sector is expected to grow quickly in the future. There are 2 types of network applications:- . . The first computers suitable for home use required individuals to follow specialized processes if they wanted to be more productive. Users can benefit from making online bookings for theaters, restaurants, hotels, trains and airplanes. Advantages of a Computer Network. Service Provided by the Network for Companies: • Many organizations have a large number of computers in operation. The following diagram shows an example of a metropolitan area network. A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes.The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that … In traditional computer networks, single computer machine, workstation, and servers are linked one by one through Ethernet and other cables. For example, if LAN and MAN are connected with each other and then this network is called internetwork. File sharing: Networking of computers helps the network users to share data files. At present there are two versions of protocols in use – IPv4 and IPv6 . The following are the important uses and benefits of a computer network. Some of the things that networks are used for include: Communicating using email, video, instant messaging and other methods Sharing devices such as printers, scanners and photocopiers . A network of computers can provide a powerful communication medium among widely separated people. Some of its main uses are as follows − Information and Resource Sharing − Computer networks allow organizations having units which are placed apart from each other, to share information in a very effective manner. The LAN is a network which is designed to operate over a small physical area such as an office, factory or a group of buildings. Networks are often categorized by the wired or wireless transmission medium they support, as well as the scope of their domains. A network that uses a server to enable clients to share data, data storage space, and devices is known as a client/server network. An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. . . Helps you to share printers, scanners, and email. Computer technology is radically changing the tools of medicine. . Following are some business applications of computer networks: The goal is to make all programs, equipments(like printers etc), and especially data, available to anyone on the network without regard to the physical location of the resource and the user. We use a computer regularly for various purposes. So When computers are interconnected with each other is called a computer network. Of course, this isn’t a complete list; once you have a network, you’ll probably find many other uses for it. . One can imagine a company's information system as consisting of one or more databases and some employees who need to access it remotely. Network Definition. . This facilitates sharing of resources and information between the users. Resource Sharing: Resource sharing is the primary goal, which makes all programs, data and equipment available to everyone on the network regardless of the physical location of the resource and the users. The wireless networks are becoming more important because the wired connection is cannot be used in vehicles such as cars or aeroplanes. There are many types of networks depending upon the geographical range. A L ocal A rea N etwork (LAN) is a group of computer and peripheral devices which are connected in a limited area such as school, laboratory, home, and office building. All rights reserved. For example, local area networks (LANs) interconnect endpoints in a single domain. All medical information can now be digitized. The computer network is the basis of communication in the field of IT (information technology). Two computers are said to be interconnected if they interchange information. A computer network provides a powerful communication medium among widely separated employees. The following are the uses of a computer network: A computer network allows sharing programs, equipment, data and information. The Uses of Computer Network 1. A MAN is typically owned and operated by a single entity such as a government body or large corporation. The aspect of high reliability is very important for military, banking and air traffic control. The following are the major types of Computer network. In this model, the data is stored on powerful computers called Servers. . People travelling on road often want to make use of their portable electronic equipment such as mobile phone, laptops, to calls, emails and text messages So the wireless network is used in all these devices. If you didn't input the correct commands at the right time, then you had to start over from the beginning. Networks may also be divided into subnetworks, also called subnets. And once you get used to the benefits of a network, you’ll never look at your computer the same way again. • T… It works between 0 to 10 Km. A computer network … It allows sharing so that resources are available to anyone on the network. A network between one country and another country is an example of a wide-area network. For example, we use a computer to convert raw facts and data into meaningful information and knowledge. Uses of Bridges in Computer Network. From the Latin rite, the term network is used to define a structure that has a characteristic pattern. Computer networks provide very high reliability. In this tutorial of computer networks, you’re going to learn what is computer network, Different types of a computer network such as LAN, MAN, WAN, Wireless network and Internet with proper examples and diagrams, What are the uses or applications of a computer network. Computer networks have become invaluable to organizations as well as individuals. . Gilani holds a Master of Business Administration in finance and an honors… A network is a structure that has a characteristic pattern. You can refer to the interconnection of computers and other devices that share resources.. Data is a term that indicates information, a document or testimony that allows to reach a knowledge or to deduce the legal consequences of a fact. A very common example of a wireless network is a Portable office. A computer network is a group of computers linked to each other that enables the computer to communicate with another computer and share their resources, data, and applications. Data Network Definition. Uses of Computer Networking ds_69c2f03d-91bd-4688-94ec-46888cad2f7a Natasha Gilani Natasha Gilani is a published writer and Web content developer who has been writing since 2004. For example, Printer can be used as a shared resource by many users in a computer lab network as shown in the below diagram. These networks are used in different ways by using different types of networks. The modern businesses are expanded all over the world. Following are the advantages of Distributed processing: Often these are centrally housed and maintained by a system administrator. . COMPUTER NETWORK Introduction The term ''computer network'' to mean a collection of autonomous computers (A computer /nodes that has its own processing capabilities and does not act under the control of any other computer is known as autonomous computer) interconnected by a single technology. . Uses of computer network: Sharing of information from one place to another. It Works within 10 to 100 kilometres. If you want to share some files or data between two or more computers then we have make a network between computers. A MAN is basically a bigger version of the Local area network(LAN). When two or more network are connected with each other is called internetwork. Computer Networks: Home Applications. In order to communicate or interchange information, the departments use the computer system. Introduction – Computer network means to connect multiple computer system with each other through physical medium (Cable or Wire) or wireless medium and this architecture is known as “Computer Network”.. In contrast, wide area networks interconnect multiple LANs. Sending messages to another users. There are multiple types of network, such as the computer network, the electrical network and the social network.. Had it not been of high importance, nobody would have bothered connecting computers over a network. . The process of aggregating networks is called network bridging. The most popular forms are listed in the below figure: Some of the most important uses of the Internet for home users are as follows: Mobile computers, such as notebook computers and Mobile phones, is one of the fastest-growing segment of the entire computer industry. Helps you to share information at very fast speed. 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