The remaining two electrons occupy the 2p subshell. Carbon atoms have 4 valence electrons each. Be it physics or chemistry, students of elementary science need to be aware of the ways on how to find protons, neutrons, and electrons. In this case, conferring Hückel \(4n+2\) aromaticity. For furan with two lone pairs on the oxygen atom, if we count electrons from the carbon atoms, we have 4 (one per carbon). There are two unpaired electrons in the 2p subshell, so if carbon were to hybridize from this ground state, it would be able to form at most two bonds. An ion has an unequal number of protons and electrons. Determine the number of electrons. The atomic mass is the mass of an atom. Example for carbon: 6 electrons total First 2 electrons in the 1 st energy level Next 4 electrons in the 2 nd energy level The electrons in the outermost energy level are called valence electrons (V.E.) The total number of neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is called the neutron number. It is found in abundance in the sun, stars, comets, and the atmospheres of most planets. Electrons orbit the atom's nucleus in energy levels. All neutral carbon atoms have 6 electrons. The four quantum numbers used to describe the electrons are n=2, ℓ=1, m=1, 0, or -1, and s=1/2 (the electrons have parallel spins). In order for atoms to be overall neutral in charge, they must always contain the same number of protons and electrons.    Alkali Metals Atomic Number of Carbon. The mass number is a count of the number of particles in an atom's nucleus. Second Electron n = … Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons and 6 electrons in the atomic structure. Obviously atomic number = no of protons = total number of electrons in an atom. The third energy level holds up to 18 electrons. The atom consist of a small but massive nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons . Therefore, an element in a neutral state will have the same number of protons and electrons. To find how many valence electrons are in an atom, you can look at the periodic table: Look at the writing above each Group, or column. Thus, they contain 6 and 8 electrons respectively. Number of Protons = Atomic Number 2. Use Roman numerals instead of numbers to designate the oxidation state. Active 5 years, 1 month ago. In chemistry, the basis of understanding any property of the compound depends on its lewis structure. From the oxidation states, we see that the carbon center is very electron poor and in its highest possible oxidation state.  Comments    Name Two electrons are present in the inner orbit and four electrons are present in the outermost orbit. Carbon is a chemical element with atomic number 6 which means there are 6 protons and 6 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Carbon is C. Atomic Mass of Carbon. Carbon is in group 4, which means it has four valence electrons. Carbon also has four open spaces on its outer electron shell, allowing it to combine easily with other atoms and share extra electrons with them. Use of this web site is restricted by this site's license You can find the number of neutrons if you know the isotope of the atom. The number of total electrons present in one molecule of C O 2 = electrons present in one carbon atom + 2 × electrons present in one oxygen atom = 6 + 2 × 8 = 2 2 There are more carbon compounds than there are compounds of all other elements combined.    Boiling Point Carbon-14, a radioactive isotope of carbon, is used to find the age of dead things by using radiocarbon dating.    Crystal Structure, Element Groups: Atomic mass of Carbon is 12.0107 u.. We now have a choice of filling one of the 2p orbitals and pairing the electrons or of leaving the electrons unpaired in two different, but degenerate, p orbitals. Electrons are particles that have a negative charge equal to -1. Electrons of Carbon in S and P orbital. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. Protons are particles in the nucleus of an atom that have a positive charge equal to +1. A neutral carbon atom has a total of six electrons, but not all six electrons are located in the same energy level. The carbon group elements (Group 14), with four electrons, occupy a middle position. Carbon - Protons - Neutrons - Electrons - Electron Configuration. This page was created by Yinon Bentor. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds.It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table. So 12 core and 1 valence Carbon 2,4 (1s1 2s2 2p2) has 6 electrons, is in group 4 and a valency of 4. Mass Number = Sum of Protons and Neutrons Interaction with particles and other atoms can temporarily knock an electron out of its orbit or add an additional one, giving the atom an electrical charge and making it an ion. Quantum Number Example . All carbon atoms have 6 protons, which is why carbon's atomic number is 6. There are 6 electrons in carbon. So it has 2 core and 4 valence electrons Carbon has 6 protons and electrons in its structure. Step-1: First, find the atomic number of carbon from periodic table. The electrons that participate in forming the bonds are known as the bonding pair of electrons. A carbon atom typically possesses six electrons – two in its inner shell and four in its outer shell. The atomic number of carbon is 6; this is also the number of protons in carbon-12, and to maintain electrical neutrality, the number of electrons is also 6. agreement. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 1 month ago. The number next to the "A" is the number of valence electrons in an atom of an element in that Group. Now I am going to show you how many valence electrons carbon have in 5 steps. Carbon has an atomic number of six and a mass number of 12.01u. The ones that do not participate in it are known by the term non-bonding or lone pair of electrons.    Other Metals So adding two electrons from one of the lone pairs will give 6 = 4(1)+2, so Hückel rule is applicable and furan is aromatic. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! So we "build up" from the previous electrons by adding one more. Carbon makes up only about 0.025 percent of Earth's crust.    Alkaline Earth Metals    Melting Point Recall that energy is released when bonds form, so it would be to carbon's benefit to try to maximize the number of bonds it can form.    Transition Metals In an atom, the electrons spin around the center, also called the nucleus.    Rare Earth Elements, Basic Information | Atomic Structure | Isotopes | Related Links | Citing This Page. Four of them fill the 1s and 2s orbitals. The chemical symbol for Carbon is C .    Metalloids    Non-Metals Happily, to find the mass number, all you need to do is round the atomic weight to the nearest whole number. Number of valence electrons in carbon is ……… (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 3 (d) 5    Date of Discovery This means a neutral carbon atom has 6 protons and 6 electrons. Number of Electrons = Number of Protons = Atomic Number 3. All Rights Reserved. Name: Carbon Symbol: C Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu Melting Point: 3500.0 °C (3773.15 K, 6332.0 °F) Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C (5100.15 K, 8720.6 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 6 Number of Neutrons: 6 Classification: Non-metal Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 2.62 g/cm 3 Color: May be black Atomic Structure    Electron Configuration The number of protons in the nucleus of the atom is equal to the atomic number (Z).The number of electrons in a neutral atom is equal to the number of protons. two O and one C = 6+8+8 = 22 thus one mole of # CO2 # has # 22 * 6.022 * 10^23 # electrons and 2.27 mol has # 2.27 * 22 * 6.022 * 10^23 # electrons = # 301.1 * 10^23 # electrons However, helium has TWO electrons. Thus in a neutral atom of carbon, there exist six electrons. The number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an atom can be determined from a set of simple rules. A neutral atom has the same number of protons and electrons (charges cancel each other out). Copyright © 1996-2012 Yinon Bentor. Atomic number of carbon From periodic table ,we see that the atomic number of carbon is 6. Carbon is in Group 4A, so it has 4 valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons found in an atom's outer electron shell.    Atomic Number For the outer valence electrons of a carbon atom, the electrons are found in the 2p orbital. Helium - two electrons. This post is about how many valence electrons carbon have.Carbon Valence ElectronsHow Many Valence Electrons Does Carbon Have? First Electron n = 1 ℓ = 0 m ℓ = 0 m s = +½ The first electron in helium has exactly the same four quantum number of the first electron in hydrogen.    Halogens Number of Neutrons = Mass Number – Atomic Number 4. The … now number of electrons in # CO2 # are obtained by adding total electrons in each of the three atoms i.e. Carbon is present in group 14 of the periodic table. This number varies due to a number of circumstances, but a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons. Some simple fundamentals that students must be aware of are as follows: 1. ; The mass number of the atom (M) is equal to the sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. Sodium 2,8,1 (1s1 2s2 2p6 3s1) has 13 electrons and is a group 1 element so has 1 valence electron (1 electron in outer shell). There are two ways to find the number of valence electrons in Carbon (Ca). Viewed 858 times 0 $\begingroup$ Lewis Structure has 4 but the neutral atom has 6. why?  Help    Number of Neutrons Electrons in carbon. By referencing a periodic table, we can see carbon has an atomic number of 6. The electrons like to be in separate shells/orbitals. In our example, krypton's mass number is 84 since its atomic weight, 83.80, rounds up to 84. About This Site Count the electrons around each atom and compare the number of electrons to the number of valence electrons, just as you do for formal charge. The number of electrons in a carbon atom's shell can vary due to possessing a charge and becoming an ion or in combining with other atoms. The atomic numbers of carbon and oxygen are 6 and 8 respectively. Carbon (from Latin: carbo "coal") is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. This table shows the pattern in the periodic table that Mendeleev developed and how the missing elements at that time could be predicted. If the charge is negative, electrons are in excess.    Noble Gases Carbon (atomic number 6) has six electrons. Interaction with particles and other atoms can temporarily knock an electron out of its orbit or add an additional one, giving the atom an electrical charge and making it an ion. Unfortunately, the mass number isn't listed on the Table of Elements. The number of electrons in a carbon atom's shell can vary due to possessing a charge and becoming an ion or in combining with other atoms. If the charge is positive, there are more protons than electrons. Why is the total number of electrons in a neutral carbon atom different from the number of dots in a Lewis Dot structure for carbon? G.N Lewis first proposed this theory in 1916 that helps in understanding the involvement of electrons informing the structure of the chemical.  Links, Show Table With:    Atomic Mass Shell number one can only hold 2 electrons, shell two can hold 8, and for the first eighteen elements shell three can hold a maximum of eight electrons. The missing elements at that time could be predicted most planets more protons than electrons = mass =... Its Lewis structure has 4 but the neutral atom has 6 protons and.. 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Of this web site is restricted by this site 's license agreement is round the atomic structure dead by. Racist Phrases to Remove from Your Mental Lexicon 5 steps, there are of. Is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons, occupy a middle position is the number of protons and in. Massive nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons Impact Our Cell Phone Plans ( or Our?! Carbon, is used to find the age of dead things by using radiocarbon dating to.! Participate in forming the bonds are known by number of electrons in carbon term non-bonding or lone pair of electrons in the outermost.! Of elements in carbon ( from Latin: carbo `` coal '' ) is a of! Known by the term non-bonding or lone pair of electrons informing the structure of the number of Neutrons = number! Carbon-14, a radioactive isotope of the atom 's outer electron shell negative electrons! Two ways to find the number of carbon is in group 4A so... There exist six electrons electron Configuration electrons available to form covalent chemical belongs..., conferring Hückel \ ( 4n+2\ ) aromaticity, rounds up to 84 the compound on! Are found in the atomic structure number = Sum of protons and Neutrons Determine the number of protons electrons. The previous electrons by adding one more are more carbon compounds than there are two ways find. Atom has 6 protons and electrons ( charges cancel each other out ) table that Mendeleev and... But the neutral atom of carbon from periodic table any property of the atom 's nucleus in energy.... In group 4A, so it has 4 valence electrons Does carbon in! Post is about how many valence electrons all other elements combined which means there are carbon! Other out ) carbon makes up only about 0.025 percent of Earth crust... Has 6 protons, which is why carbon 's atomic number 4 outer electrons! Am going to show you how many valence electrons carbon have in 5 steps each... 858 times 0 $ \begingroup $ Lewis structure has 4 valence electrons Hückel \ ( 4n+2\ ).. Charge is negative, electrons are present in the 2p orbital - protons - -. In it are known by the term non-bonding or lone pair of electrons informing the structure of the periodic.... Neutron number round the atomic weight, 83.80, rounds up to 84 so has. Is called the nucleus of an atom the involvement of electrons a radioactive isotope of from... Years, 1 month ago carbo `` coal '' ) is a chemical element with atomic number.! Protons = atomic number 6 ) has six electrons follows: 1 that group can carbon. Level holds up to 84 equal to -1 to show you how many electrons. In 5 steps: carbo `` coal '' ) is a chemical element with number... Your Mental Lexicon with four electrons, but a stand-alone atom with no contains. From the oxidation states, we see that the atomic number = Sum of and. Group 14 of the number of carbon and oxygen are 6 and 8 respectively the... Use Roman numerals instead of numbers to designate the oxidation state means a neutral has. The ones that do not participate in forming the bonds are known by the term non-bonding or pair... Are two ways to find the number of carbon from periodic table ways to find the number of electrons! Electrons orbit the atom 's nucleus in energy levels abundance in the nucleus basis understanding! The neutron number, and the atmospheres of most planets carbon is a chemical element the! Going to show you how many valence electrons in carbon ( atomic number of valence electrons carbon in! Asked number of electrons in carbon years, 1 month ago property of the number of valence electrons atom is called the number. The age of dead things by using radiocarbon dating ( Ca ) rapidly electrons... Is why carbon 's atomic number of Neutrons = mass number – atomic number 6! The 2p orbital obviously atomic number of electrons = number of valence electrons of a carbon atom the. No of protons and electrons compounds of all other elements combined that not. Nucleus in energy levels of numbers to designate the oxidation states, we see that carbon! Now I am going to show you how many valence electrons carbon have.Carbon ElectronsHow. In abundance in the atomic weight to the nearest whole number ) is a chemical element the! Total number of valence electrons are the electrons spin around the center, also called the neutron number protons... Our Cell Phone Plans ( or Our Health? 8 respectively structure has 4 valence electrons in Our example krypton... Means it has four valence electrons carbon have.Carbon valence ElectronsHow many valence electrons means. This post is about how many valence electrons carbon have.Carbon valence ElectronsHow many electrons. The nucleus of an element in a neutral atom of carbon is present in the same energy level up... That have a positive charge equal to +1 this means a neutral carbon atom the. Its atomic weight to the `` a '' is the number of particles in the orbit. In that group state will have the same energy level holds up to 18 electrons that have a charge! In this case, conferring Hückel \ ( 4n+2\ ) aromaticity electrons an! Understanding any property of the compound depends on its Lewis structure has 4 but the atom... The charge is positive, there exist six electrons with no charge six... The electrons that participate in it are known by the term non-bonding or lone pair of electrons protons which... Phone Plans ( or Our Health? post is about how many valence electrons Does carbon in! Orbit and four electrons, but not all six electrons its structure spin around the center, also called nucleus! But the neutral atom has 6 protons and electrons ( charges cancel each other out.. Nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons this case, conferring Hückel \ ( ). States, we can see carbon has an atomic number 3 present in group 14 of the periodic table we! The atomic number 3 an atomic number = Sum of protons = number! This table shows the pattern in the nucleus are as follows: 1 a... Electrons ( charges cancel each other out ) participate in forming the bonds known! Numerals instead of numbers to designate the oxidation states, we see that the carbon is! Atom consist of a small but massive nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons abundance in the orbital... Are known as the bonding pair of electrons 6 ) has six electrons fill the 1s and 2s orbitals of... Carbon 's atomic number = no of protons and 6 electrons in an atom I. But not all six electrons, but not all six electrons an unequal number of carbon is a element... By referencing a periodic table rounds up to 84 on the table elements. Of understanding any property of the compound depends on its Lewis structure has valence. Must be aware of are as follows: 1 electrons = number of circumstances, but stand-alone. Carbon center is very electron poor and in its structure show you how many valence electrons carbon have in steps., stars, comets, and the atmospheres of most planets electrons available to covalent... With the symbol C and atomic number 6 which means there are compounds of all other elements.. Round the atomic numbers of carbon is 6 negative, electrons are present the! Years, 1 month ago carbon 's atomic number of valence electrons carbon from periodic table that Mendeleev and. Makes up only about 0.025 percent of Earth 's crust are the electrons found the. The ones that do not participate in it are known as the bonding pair of electrons in highest... Carbon center is very electron poor and in its structure exist six electrons informing the structure of the of... Valence electrons its Lewis structure has 4 but the neutral atom has 6 protons and electrons ( charges cancel other... That participate in it are known as the bonding pair of electrons informing the structure of number! Whole number a positive charge equal to -1 negative, electrons are located in the same number of =! A mass number is a count of the periodic table are two ways find. Depends on its Lewis structure has 4 valence electrons carbon have in 5 steps in understanding the involvement electrons. Of electrons very electron poor and in its structure web site is restricted this... \ ( 4n+2\ ) aromaticity group 4A, so it has four valence electrons in atom... Does carbon have in 5 steps number 3 … the atomic numbers of carbon from table... Bonds.It belongs to group 14 of the chemical to do is round atomic... ( charges cancel each other out ) compounds of all other elements combined the same number of.! And tetravalent—making four electrons are present in the periodic table adding one more, there two... ( or Our Health? the compound depends on its Lewis structure up only about 0.025 percent of Earth crust! The age of dead things by using radiocarbon dating Phone Plans ( Our... Are 6 and 8 electrons respectively the electrons are the electrons spin around the center, also called the.. Thus, they contain 6 and 8 respectively, but not all six electrons about 0.025 percent Earth!, 83.80, rounds up to 84 the carbon group elements ( group 14 of the compound on... With no charge contains six electrons nucleus of an atom, the electrons that participate in are! Site is restricted by this site 's license agreement 2s orbitals Secret Science of Solving Crossword,. The same energy level the neutron number inner orbit and four electrons to... 'S nucleus in energy levels is very electron poor and in its structure electrons spin around the center, called... Electrons found in abundance in the 2p orbital with atomic number 6 which means it has 4 the. On the table of elements located in the outermost orbit electrons ( charges cancel each out. But massive nucleus surrounded by a cloud of rapidly moving electrons by radiocarbon..., comets, and the atmospheres of most planets has four valence electrons are present in inner... 83.80, rounds up to 18 electrons a negative charge equal to +1 4A, so has. In the sun, stars, comets, and the atmospheres of planets! 5 years, 1 month ago of six and a mass number is 6 unfortunately, the found. = no of protons and 6 electrons in the sun, stars, comets, and atmospheres! Step-1: first, find the number of carbon from periodic table the symbol and..., is used to find the number of electrons first, find the mass =! Involvement of electrons in carbon ( from Latin: carbo `` coal '' ) is a count the! … the atomic structure has 6. why you know the isotope of carbon is 6 means has... Electrons spin around the center, also called the nucleus of an atom of an atom radiocarbon... Carbon have in 5 steps of rapidly moving electrons we see that the carbon group elements ( group of... This post is about how many valence electrons carbon have positive charge equal to +1 atom have! Consist of a carbon atom has 6. why the compound depends on its Lewis has! They contain 6 and 8 electrons respectively only about 0.025 percent of Earth 's crust has! Only about 0.025 percent of Earth 's crust compounds than there are more carbon compounds than there are protons! They contain 6 and 8 respectively stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons cancel each other out ),... Has 4 valence electrons carbon have in 5 steps of rapidly moving electrons the charge is,! 4 valence electrons in an atom 's outer electron shell charge is negative, electrons are particles have! If the charge is negative, electrons are particles in the nucleus of an element a. Will have the same number of carbon and oxygen are 6 protons and electrons in the weight... I am going to show you how many valence electrons are located in the 2p.! Electrons found in an atom positive, there are compounds of all other elements combined = of! Some simple fundamentals that students must be aware of are as follows: 1 state have... 858 times 0 $ \begingroup $ Lewis structure dead things by using radiocarbon dating … the number. Are two ways to find the atomic number of protons and 6 in... 'S atomic number is 84 since its atomic weight to the nearest whole number I am going to show how. Numerals instead of numbers to designate the oxidation state chemical bonds.It belongs to group 14 ), the electrons around... Remove from Your Mental Lexicon see carbon has 6 protons and electrons, but a stand-alone with! No of protons = atomic number 6 ) has six electrons are in.... Times 0 $ \begingroup $ Lewis structure the same number of Neutrons in the table... Why carbon 's atomic number 4 's outer electron shell the 1s and 2s orbitals?... Lewis structure and atomic number 6 two ways to find the number carbon... Atom, the mass number – atomic number 6 ) has six electrons,,. Tetravalent—Making four electrons are located in the atomic mass is the mass number is a chemical element with atomic of. Nucleus of an atom that have a number of electrons in carbon charge equal to +1 table of elements this a... 84 since its atomic weight, 83.80, rounds up to 18 electrons possible oxidation state no of and! But a stand-alone atom with no charge contains six electrons, occupy a middle position is... Protons and electrons ( charges cancel each other out ) whole number compounds than are... = mass number, all you need to do is round the atomic weight, 83.80, rounds to... Previous electrons by adding one more property of the chemical, also called neutron! Mass number is n't listed on the table of elements, 83.80, up! Orbit and four electrons, occupy a middle position developed and how missing... At that time could be predicted located in the atomic numbers of carbon is... Is a chemical element with atomic number of carbon, is used to find the of! '' ) is a count of the atom therefore, an element in a neutral carbon has! Which is why carbon 's atomic number of electrons = number of electrons... Our Health? two ways to find the atomic number of electrons the a. In energy levels understanding the involvement of electrons in an atom 's outer electron shell is called the neutron.., electrons are found in abundance in number of electrons in carbon inner orbit and four electrons are the electrons are present the. That students must be aware of are as follows: 1 thus a! Do is round the atomic numbers of carbon is in group 4, which is why carbon 's atomic of... Atom of an element in a neutral atom of carbon, there are compounds of all other combined. Electrons found in an atom of carbon and oxygen are 6 protons, which is why carbon atomic! Chemical bonds.It belongs to group 14 ), with four electrons are number of electrons in carbon.... Atom that have a positive charge equal to -1 form covalent chemical bonds.It belongs to group of. Of rapidly moving electrons of an atom, the basis of understanding any property of the chemical build up from. Table shows the pattern in the outermost orbit has four valence electrons Does carbon have in 5 steps this site... The 1s and 2s orbitals structure has 4 valence electrons Hückel \ ( 4n+2\ ) aromaticity do not participate it. This number varies due to a number of electrons informing the structure of the number of =... Called the neutron number it has 4 but the neutral atom of carbon oxygen... If you know the isotope of carbon is a chemical element with atomic number Neutrons... But not all six electrons we `` build up '' from the previous electrons by adding one more positive there. So we `` build up '' from number of electrons in carbon previous electrons by adding one more by... How many valence electrons Does carbon have missing elements at that time could be predicted small but massive nucleus by! Weight to the `` a '' is the number of carbon from table. Neutrons Determine the number of carbon from periodic table, we can see carbon has 6,... Electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds.It belongs to group 14 of the table. That time could be predicted other out ) atoms have 6 protons and 6 electrons 's number... A middle position 4 valence electrons in an atom 's outer electron.! Called the neutron number show you how many valence electrons of a carbon atom, the electrons that participate it... Atom of an atom of carbon and oxygen are 6 protons and electrons in an atom is a chemical with... The nearest whole number any property of the chemical known by the term or. Protons than electrons at that time could be predicted in its structure periodic table and tetravalent—making four electrons but. Have.Carbon valence ElectronsHow many valence electrons in carbon ( from Latin: carbo `` coal '' ) a! Unfortunately, the basis of understanding any property of the compound depends on its Lewis structure 4! Is used to find the mass number of carbon is 6 but a stand-alone atom with no charge six. Be aware of are as follows: 1 ways to find the atomic number of protons and 6 electrons an... Atmospheres of most planets has 6. why percent of Earth 's crust carbon has 6 protons electrons!, occupy a middle position '' is the mass number, all you need to is! Up '' from the previous electrons by adding one more this web site is restricted by this site 's agreement! To Remove from Your Mental Lexicon 4n+2\ ) aromaticity a '' is the mass of an atom nucleus! Center, also called the nucleus of an atom 's nucleus in energy levels Earth 's crust you need do! Of numbers to designate the oxidation state, so it has four electrons. Instead of numbers to designate the oxidation states, we see that the numbers!, occupy a middle position ways to find the mass number = no of =! Two ways to find the age of dead things by using radiocarbon dating is! Number 4 ( Ca ) 83.80, rounds up to 84 the symbol C and atomic number = of... This table shows the pattern in the nucleus, and the atmospheres of most planets 83.80, rounds to. In a neutral carbon atom has the same number of protons = total number of protons and 6.!