Learn about the different types of finger infections and what may cause them. GBS bacteria can cause many types of infections: Bacteremia (bloodstream infection) and sepsis (the body’s extreme response to an infection) Bone and joint infections; Meningitis (infection of the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord) Pneumonia (lung infection) Skin and soft-tissue infections Types of bacterial infections include those that affect the skin, lungs, stomach, ear and other parts of the body. The effects of an infection, such as swelling or a runny nose, occur due to the immune system’s attempt to get rid of the invading organism. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Basis of Classification of Infections• Infections are classified in multiple ways. The authors review the pertinent anatomy of the spaces of the hand and describe different types of infection—including cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, paronychia, felon, pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis, deep space infections, septic arthritis, and osteomyelitis—and common causative organisms of these infections. This infection occurs just in the area of the skin where the incision was made. Pus is a…. It is not usually a serious illness, but complications can sometimes arise. You can come down with this parasitic disease from changing an infected cat’s litter box. The microorganism uses that person’s body to sustain itself, reproduce, and colonize. What’s the Difference Between Bacterial and Viral Infections? Blood Infections. Learn more about coronaviruses here. This list is by no means complete. However, sometimes bacteria can enter our bodies and cause an infection. The organisms that cause infections are very diverse and can include things like viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Some examples of viral infections for which antivirals are available include HIV, herpes, and hepatitis C. Some viruses stay with you for life once you’ve been infected. Antibiotics are medications that affect bacterial growth. This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion. Some examples of infections that don’t always cause symptoms include HPV, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Viruses are parasitic and require a host cell in which to carry out their life cycle. These infections often develop when bacteria or viruses invade the intestines, but they also can develop because of other disease-causing organisms. A prion is a protein that contains no genetic material and is usually harmless. Follow a doctor’s advice about traveling or working while living with an infectious disease, as doing so could pass the infection to others. However, some bacterial diseases can be deadly. Protozoa commonly show features similar to those of animals, such as mobility, and they can survive outside the human body. Additionally, misuse of antibiotics has caused many bacteria to develop resistance to them. Influenza virus can then be present in the air or on objects such as door and faucet handles. Boys are more prone to this type of ear infection than girls and this ear condition commonly occurs during the fall and winter months. The person with the virus can appear to have fully recovered, but they may get sick again when the virus reactivates. Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. Antiviral medications can help relieve the symptoms of some viruses while the disease passes. Bacteria can live in almost any type of environment, from extreme heat to intense cold, and some can even survive in radioactive waste. You can come into contact with these things and then spread the infection to yourself. In some cases, antiviral drugs may be available to help treat a viral infection. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. But are bacterial infections…, Antibiotics are powerful, life-saving medications used to fight infections caused by bacteria. That’s right – Candida comes in many different forms! Some examples of bacterial infections include: Bacterial infections are most often treated with antibiotics. Examples include variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (related to mad cow disease) and kuru. An infection occurs when a microorganism enters a person’s body and causes harm. Chlamydia. Helical – the capsid is shaped like a rod. The symptoms of an infection can vary depending on the type of infection that you have. Zika virus infections contracted during pregnancy have been linked to microcephaly and eye problems in babies. They can either impede bacteria from multiplying or kill them outright. Prion diseases are very rare. Viruses can affect many areas in the body, including the reproductive, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses. On the most basic level, a virus is composed of a piece of genetic material that’s surrounded by a protein shell. Different types of infections can be passed sexually. The common cold is the most common infection that occurs in humans. Some pathogens are resistant to treatment. As they enter the cell, they release their genetic material. The different ways that you can get an infection can be just as diverse as the organisms that cause them. Types of Infections Here is a list of types of infections your computer can get. They can cause development of dementia and difficulties walking or speaking. 1. Receive any recommended vaccinations and keep them up to date. Gram staining, bacterial cult… 4. While some infections may be treated at home, you should always contact your doctor if you have symptoms of an infection that aren’t getting better, are getting worse, or recur. These can also cause infection. Some general symptoms that can indicate you may have an infection include: There are some situations that should always trigger a visit to your doctor. Knowing what type of germ is causing your illness makes it easier for your doctor to choose appropriate treatment. Bacterial:Bacteria are one-cell organisms that can cause varied diseases due to infection that may affect only one particular part of the body or spread through the whole body. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. Some pathogens have little effect at all. Ectoparasites can also include blood-sucking arthropods, such as mosquitoes, which transmit infection by consuming human blood. Learn about the many types of eye infections and how a person can identify them. Coronaviruses often cause the common cold, though they can be responsible for more severe respiratory illnesses. The type of antiparasitic medication that you’ll need to take will depend on the type of parasite that’s causing your infection. These line the intestines, mouth, vagina, and other parts of the body. People of all ages are being exposed to or engaging with pornographic material, so let’s treat it like we would any other “need to know” subject or…. Many skin diseases, such as ringworm and athlete's foot, are caused by fungi. If you touch a contaminated object and then touch your face, mouth, or nose, you may become infected. Understand the symptoms, causes and treatments of various infections like MRSA, staph and urinary tract infections. A urinary tract infection may involve different sections of the urinary tract including the following: Urethritis: An infection of the urethra, the hollow tube that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The rabies virus, for example, targets the nervous system. Bacteria may also be classified as gram-positive or gram-negative. They enter a host and take over cells, whereas bacteria can survive without a host. Be sure to follow the tips below: Infections can be caused by a variety of different organisms, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. In the below section, we will explore some different types of infections that you need to pay your attention to. Some of them change the function of the cell. In some cases, you can get an infection if a bug carrying around an infectious microorganism bites you. The symptoms of an infection depend on the organism responsible, as well as the site of the infection. Others target a wider range of cells, leading to several symptoms. A person with a bacterial infection will often experience redness, heat, swelling, fever, and pain at the site of infection, as well as swollen lymph glands. Types of Infections. A common example of this is when someone with the flu coughs or sneezes. Parasitic skin infection. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). It’s important to remember that antibiotics aren’t effective in treating a viral infection. It’s always important to consider the specific infection when talking about transmission. The four main types of virus include: Icosahedral – the outer shell (capsid) is made from 20 flat sides, which gives a spherical shape. While these pathogens cause a variety of illness ranging from minor to life-threatening, it is important to … A urinary tract infection can also become sepsis, an infection that begins to spread through the bloodstream. Bacteria. Intestinal infections are among the most common types of abdominal infections. These healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) include central line-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. You can get an infection in many different ways. However, viruses and bacteria may also cause skin conditions and rashes. Bacteria can infect any area of the body. Viruses target specific cells, such as those in the genitals or upper respiratory tract. Stay informed with live updates on the current COVID-19 outbreak and visit our coronavirus hub for more advice on prevention and treatment. Other infections are more severe and … Clean surface areas and avoid keeping perishable food at room temperature for too long while preparing a meal. Disinfect rooms that may have high concentrations of bacteria, such as the kitchen and bathroom. Reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by receiving regular STI checks, using condoms, or abstaining altogether. Prions can affect the structure of the brain or other parts of the nervous system. We also look at the diagnosis and treatment of each infection. 6 Types of Mouth Infections. Some viral infections can also be latent, examples of latent viral infections are any of those from the Herpesviridae family. They include bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), which people typically refer to as mad cow disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). There is no single method for preventing all infectious diseases. Life-threatening infections can start with a very small area of infection, such as an infected tooth or even a small wound on the skin. Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. For example, some bacterial and viral infections can have very similar symptoms. Viruses may remain dormant for a period before multiplying again. Viruses. These are also known as systemic infections. They can also affect the liver, brain, and skin. Parasites. Athlete's foot (also known as "ringworm of the foot", tinea pedum, and "moccasin foot") is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. You can get these infections by consuming things like: Some infections are spread to people from an infected animal. Here…, A fungal infection of the genitals can affect anyone. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, progressive disease that affects the lungs and the heart. Mouth infections come in a wide variety and range from minor to potentially life threatening. 3. For example, a person may develop an intestinal infection because of parasites or fungi. The type of medication that you’re prescribed will depend on the type of fungal infection you have. OEM tends to develop in kids aged between 6 months to 3 years. Some examples of viral infections include: Most of the time, the treatment of viral infections centers on relieving symptoms until your immune system clears the infection. This type of ear infection happens as a result of cold, sore throat or an upper respiratory infection. Viral infections occur due to infection with a virus. Once the virus has entered the host cell, it’s able to use cellular components to reproduce. Some examples include malaria, Lyme disease, and West Nile Virus. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that vaccinations prevent, Antimicrobial resistance continues to be a, viral hepatitis, which can include hepatitis, bacterial food poisoning, often caused by, digestive upset, such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, symptoms that worsen or don’t improve with at-home care, a severe headache that occurs with a high fever, foods prepped or prepared in unsanitary conditions, raw or undercooked foods, such as produce, meats, or seafood, foods that have been improperly stored or refrigerated. Instead, they trigger abnormal behavior in the body’s cells and proteins. A rash can indicate a fungal infection of the skin. Infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus is the most common. There are three types of parasites that can cause illness in humans: Some examples of infections that are caused by parasites include: As with bacterial and fungal infections, there are specific drugs available to treat a parasitic infection. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Finally, ectoparasites — including mites, ticks, lice, and fleas — can cause infection by attaching or burrowing into the skin. The body usually has a population of good bacteria that help maintain the balance of microorganisms. Oral antifungal medications are also available. They can lie dormant within your body and may reactivate. How an infection spreads and its effects on the human body depend on the type of pathogen. Some mouth infections are avoidable by practicing good oral hygiene and last only a few days. How are the infections diagnosed and can they be prevented? All rights reserved. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Signs of Bacterial Infection: Cuts, Burns, and in the Body. A wound fills with pus, for example, when white blood cells rush to the site of an injury to combat foreign bacteria. Deep incisional SSI. Types of Infection Apalin, Ruth Rendell D. BSN 2A1-3 2. The cause of an infection is whichever type of organism has entered the body. In other cases, it can be hard to determine what type of organism may be causing your condition. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2 3. More severe fungal infections may require intravenous (IV) antifungal medication. The immune system is an effective barrier against infectious agents. Types Of Candida infections (And How To Treat Them) If you’ve been told you have Candida, it could mean you have any one of a number of infections. Symptomatic infections are apparent and clinical, whereas an infection that is active but does not produce noticeable symptoms may be called inapparent, silent, subclinical, or occult. While the forms of infection that we have listed above are the main types, there are others that can have an effect on the body. Scientists do not class prions as living microorganisms.