Third and fourth instar nymphs migrate to the tree of heaven and are observed feeding on trunks and branches. The most visible effect of the winter moth … The spotted lanternfly has been reported from over 70 species of plants, including the following: tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) (preferred host), apple (Malus spp. On warm days in the last couple of weeks, the fine mist of honey dew under heavily infested trees has already been observed. Be sure that management of this insect is necessary by monitoring for damaging populations before making applications in landscape settings. Be on the lookout this season for symptoms of beech leaf disease, caused by the nematode Litylenchus crenatae ssp. Other insect and disease pests observed recently include phytophthora root rot on Nordmann spruce, black knot on Prunus, Volutella on boxwood, Cryptomeria scale on spruce (Abies spp), and scale on umbrella pine (Sciadopitys verticillata). ), Milan Zubrik, Forest Research Institute, Slovakia,, UMass Landscape Extension Information Sheet, Give us your feedback on our Pheno Forecast maps. High res. Most locations in Massachusetts will not see damaging or even noticeable populations of this insect in 2020. Overwintered adult mourning cloak butterflies (Nymphalis antiopa) were observed in the lingering snow from the 5 inches we received on March 23, 2020. Winter moth is a non-native insect that was identified in Massachusetts for the first time in 2003 following persistent reports of defoliation in eastern areas of the state such as Cape Anne and on the North Shore near Cohasset, Hingham, and Rockland on the South Shore in the late 1990’s. The UMass Fruit Team is predicting early season apple scab infections will be initiating this week, especially in areas where leaf out may be more advanced, like southern Hampden County. Early spring flowering bulbs seen in bloom include: Siberian squill (Scilla siberica) and Puschkinia (Puschkinia libanotica), glory of the snow (Chionodoxa spp)and early daffodil (Narcissus spp.). Daffodils, Lenten rose (Helleborus orientalis), Azalea ‘Cornell Pink’ (Rhododendron mucronulatum), skunk cabbage, and Iris reticulata 'Katherine Hodgkin’ are in bloom. Transmission of a pathogen from the tick to you is dependent upon how long the tick had been feeding, and each pathogen has its own transmission time. These moths all have wingless females that emerge from pupae in the soil and crawl up trunks to lay eggs on branches. Male winter moths have wings and are rather drab-colored moths. Common hosts include, but are not limited to oak, maple, basswood, ash, apple, and crabapple. Pests/Problems: Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) rosettes have been visible since late January and seedlings have now begun germinating in bare soil. Winter moth caterpillars can also drop from trees to nearby ornamental shrubs such as roses. Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot) and Anemone acutiloba (hepatica) are blooming. Every year there seems to be more inquiries about star-of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum) as a weed, very visible now in turf. ), and Siberian squill (Scilla siberica). Despite the fact that this spring has been drastically different for so many of us in so many sometimes devastating ways, the familiarity of our landscapes “waking up” is something to hold onto and perhaps enjoy all the more. I did not record any sub-zero temperatures and recorded 0.2°F, the lowest temperature for the season on December 7th. We'd love to hear about it! Do not worry about winter moth this spring! Introduced from Europe to Nova Scotia in 1949, Winter Moth (Operophtera brumata) has … These key points typically represent life cycle stages when management actions are most effective. The regulated area for Asian longhorned beetle is 110 miles2 encompassing Worcester, Shrewsbury, Boylston, West Boylston, and parts of Holden and Auburn. By Martha Sylvia, Published on 04/16/20. Root and Butt Rot caused by Bondarzewia berkeleyi (, 11. The winter moth, an invasive species that chewed through New England shade trees and blueberry bushes for years, is no longer a threat, say entomologists at the University of Massachusetts … Connect with UMass Extension Landscape, Nursery and Urban Forestry Program: UMass Research and Education Center Farms, Conservation Assessment Prioritization System (CAPS), Extension Risk Management/Crop Insurance Education, North American Aquatic Connectivity Collaborative, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information. Powdery Mildew (, 6. Pests/Problems: Lecanium scale is still likely to continue to be the big story in this region as populations of the insect still remain very high throughout the Cape. Availability World wide. Now that buds are swelling and flowering is starting, it’s easier to identify dead parts. Operophtera brumata. Presently, we can provide limited diagnostic support via phone and email, with the latter providing an opportunity for photos of the problem. It’s still a bit early for many of our spring ephemerals. The deer tick or blacklegged tick can transmit Lyme disease, human babesiosis, human anaplasmosis, and other diseases. ), slippery elm (Ulmus rubra), tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), white ash (Fraxinus americana), willow (Salix spp. Pests/Problems: As trees and shrubs begin to leaf out and develop new shoots, fungal pathogens will start initiating new infections. Root and Butt Rot caused by Phaeolus schweinitzii (, 3. Here’s how parents can help kids cope. Jeffersonia dihpylla (twinleaf), Stylophorum diphyllum (wood poppy), and Mertensia virginica are showing signs of life and preparing to flower. Fees: Free of charge. Since the beginning of April, day temperatures have been in the mid-40s to low 50s except for April 5th and 6th when day temperatures climbed to about 60˚F. Visit the web page of the UMass Laboratory of Medical Zoology ( ) and click on the blue Order a TickReport button for more information. Two local enemies of ornamental plants - winter moth and gypsy moths - are not problems we will face this spring. To report an Asian longhorned beetle find online or compare it to common insect look-alikes, visit: or . Perhaps the most prominent insect at this time is the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis, as they are a major household nuisance and can be found crawling on walls and windows, and occasionally on one’s dinner plate. Have a tick and need it tested? The following plants are in flower: Daffodils, Narcissi, Chionodoxa, Scilla, Leucojum vernum, Muscari, Magnolia stellata, Pieris andromeda, Ulmus americana, Salix, Acer rubrum, ‘PJM’ Rhododendron, skunk cabbage, chickweed, hairy bittercress, ground ivy. To minimize soil compaction and still get to work, designate specific paths through larger landscape beds with mulch or stone. All of that has melted now, and mourning cloaks are still seen fluttering around. You can read more about apple scab management for fruit trees in the UMass Tree Fruit Guide ( and the updated fact sheet listed above. During this unsettled time when the UMass-Amherst campus is mostly closed, reports will be based out of my home in Easthampton. In North America, "winter moth" usually denotes the invasive species Operophtera brumata, but may also mean refer to a native species, Erannis tiliaria (linden looper) or Operophtera bruceata (bruce spanworm). These maps are updated daily and available 6 days in the future. ), pignut hickory (Carya glabra), sassafras (Sassafras albidum), serviceberry (Amelanchier spp. This hefty storm seemed a harbinger for a snowy winter but it was not to be. Winter Moth. The following is a summary of information about Winter Moth available from the University of Massachusetts. In mid to late February, it looked like it would be a very early spring as crocuses and silver maple were in full bloom. More information on map development and re-use policy. Terminal buds are also colonized and aborted, resulting in no new leaf and shoot growth. All professional staff are working remotely, and unable to travel for work at this time. We depend on donations to keep Butterflies and Moths of North America online and freely available. You can help verify this forecast by checking trees for this species and reporting your findings in Nature’s Notebook via the Pest Patrol campaign. USDA Announces 2020 Plans for Asian Longhorned Beetle Eradication Efforts in New York, Massachusetts, and Ohio ... UMass-Amherst scientists claim victory over winter moth, coastal menace now a 'non-pest' ... Asian Longhorned Beetle Eradication Program Announces 2016 Plans for Fighting the Beetle in New York, Massachusetts, and Ohio. Plants are starting to leaf out, grass is greening up and spring blooms can be spotted. If so, consider sending the tick to the UMass Laboratory of Medical Zoology to be tested for disease causing pathogens. March averaged 42°F with a high of 73°F on the 9th and a low of 18°F on March 1. Over the past few weeks, a quiet calm has swept over the landscape. Browsing by deer, rabbits, and woodchucks is a problem for emerging growth of herbaceous perennials. Springtime in the hilltowns of Hampshire County is always a few steps behind that of Amherst, MA. Protect yourself when working outdoors. At the time, they were assumed to be a caused by a native species, such as fall cankerworm. Amphibians have been active in wet areas for some time. List criteria and legend Criteria. The species is present across New England, though damaging populations are only found in eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Maine. It has been a long bloom period for the plants in bloom because of the cool, damp weather. Lawns are beginning to green up and mowing will begin shortly. Rabbits! The first half of March was especially warm and helped to initiate an early spring flowering season. Winter moth defoliation has contributed to tens of thousands of acres of oak mortality in Massachusetts and now there is oak mortality in Cape Elizabeth. We will be carefully watching oaks this spring as they leaf out to determine if damage from the oak shothole leafminer appears again. (inches, rainfall equivalent), Forsythia x intermedia (border Forsythia), Hamamelis x intermedia (witchhazel hybrids). However, when the lab is allowed to resume activities, we will make this information available. General Conditions: Welcome to the Landscape Message from Long Hill, Beverly, MA. Max file size. The rapid movement of the disease from the epicenter in northeast Ohio suggests it could soon spread into Massachusetts. For more detailed information about the history of this insect pest in North America and Massachusetts, please visit this fact sheet: Winter Moth in Massachusetts: History and Biological Control ( ). Winter moth caterpillars look identical to green pug moth caterpillars until caterpillars are half grown, then green pug moth caterpillars develop a burgundy-colored stripe. Defoliation occurred both north and south of Boston spreading over much of Eastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, southeastern Connecticut, and … In landscape settings in eastern Massachusetts, it is best to wait until the leaves of susceptible hosts completely unfold and monitor for feeding caterpillars, prior to treatment, especially since populations in Massachusetts continue to be so low in many locations. In Massachusetts over the past 10 years, winter moth eggs have generally begun hatching in approximately mid-April. In addition, there were a number of oak anthracnose cases early in the season that appeared to occur in conjunction with the shothole feeding wounds. General Conditions: Warm temperatures and sunshine earlier this week were a welcome sign that spring is truly here. 2017 Gypsy Moth Defoliation at the Quabbin Reservoir. Symptoms first develop in the lower canopy and spread upwards, resulting in tree death after many years. The sugary secretions (excrement) created by this insect may coat the host plant, later leading to the growth of sooty mold. Tick samples can continue to be submitted via . Adults are present by the middle of July in Pennsylvania and begin laying eggs by late September and continue laying eggs through late November and even early December in that state. Forsythia is now in full bloom as is red maple. mccannii. Join DCR Forest Health Specialist, Felicia Hubacz, as she discusses the recent gypsy moth outbreak event and the last-ing impact on our oak forests statewide. Snowdrops (Galanthus) remain in bloom in shaded sites but have faded in sunny locations. Apple scab (, 2. Treating the caterpillars, particularly when they first emerge, with an insecticide spray can be an effective control. For many landscape crabapples, chemical management is not warranted but regular cultural care can help to ease the effects of the disease. According to the Northeast Regional Climate Center, temperatures in January (>5°F above normal), February (3–5° above normal) and March (3–7° above normal) were much warmer than average throughout the valley. No samples are being accepted at this time. Sylvia, Martha, "2020 Bogside April 16: MDAR, Winter Moth and Scale" (2020). Presently, Forsythia, Korean Rhododendrons, red/silver maple, willows and elms are in full bloom while catkins are developing on birch and alder. Symptoms of infection include dark green, interveinal banding, distortion/curling of leaves and ultimately premature leaf shedding. Winter moth has the potential to be a multi-year, early spring defoliator of a broad list of deciduous trees and shrubs. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, UMass Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing Laboratory, Center for Agriculture, Food, and the Environment, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, * = no activity to report/information not available. I spent a lot of time this past winter looking through tree and shrub books and settled on two “must haves” for this season: (1) Hollywood juniper (Juniperus chinensis ‘Kaizuka’); and (2) Thunderhead Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii ‘Thunderhead’). Ticks resumed activity when temperatures started to rise above freezing. Winter moths are invasive pests, originating from Europe and Western Asia.These insects were first found in North America in the 1930s; however, their population in Massachusetts exploded, causing home owners, property managers, and arborists’ tremendous stress, as winter moth larvae shredded and stripped the leaves off of their variety of deciduous trees. Winter moth causes injury to trees when larvae (caterpillars) tunnel into buds to feed. While the exact cause at the time was difficult to identify, it’s most likely that very cold late autumn temperatures injured plants that had not properly hardened off, due to abnormally warm early autumn temperatures. Need to report a pest sighting? Remember to take appropriate precautions when working and playing outdoors, and conduct daily tick checks. We recognize that families, Green Industry businesses, communities, and our Commonwealth have been dramatically impacted by COVID-19. Situations & Solutions. When possible, I prefer to get plants in the ground early to help ease the effects of transplant shock and avoid planting when new growth is actively flushing. Signs of an EAB infested tree may include (at this time) D-shaped exit holes in the bark (from adult emergence in previous years), “blonding” or lighter coloration of the ash bark from woodpecker feeding (chipping away of the bark as they search for larvae beneath), and serpentine galleries visible through splits in the bark, from larval feeding beneath. ), plum, cherry, peach, apricot (Prunus spp. General Conditions: The winter has been unusually mild with minimal snowfall. (Please include your email if you would like us to follow up with you. If you have an abundance of time on your hands, now is a good time to prune and clean out groundcovers like Vinca and Pachysandra. Year-to-date (YTD) heating degree days are at 5758 as compared to the norm of 6620. We recorded 1.43” of precipitation in January. COVID-19 information specific to landscapers, garden centers, and nurseries was also featured in the April issue of Hort Notes: Clippings from the Garden, here: . For a map of known, established populations of SLF as well as detections outside of these areas where individual finds of spotted lanternfly have occurred (but no infestations are present), visit: This map depicts an individual find of spotted lanternfly at a private residence in Boston, MA that was reported by the MA Department of Agricultural Resources on February 21, 2019. Thankfully, Rhododendrons appear to have overwintered quite well and have a robust set of buds ready to flower. Current information about the UMass response to COVID-19 can be found here: . I placed the Siberian cypress in a foundation bed that receives only about two hours of direct sunlight per day and I’m interested to see how it performs in the shade. Photos alone can not establish a range unless specifically stated. However, two years ago, the state experienced exceptionally warm weather starting in mid-March and eggs began to hatch on the last day of March on Cape Cod and on April 1 in Plymouth County. White pine weevil damage is also a concern at this time, now that daytime temperatures are regularly exceeding 50°F. The spotted lanternfly is a non-native species first detected in the United States in Berks County, Pennsylvania and confirmed on September 22, 2014. The early red shoots of the invasive Fallopian japonica (Japanese knotweed) have emerged. Woody ornamental insect and non-insect arthropod pests to consider, a selected few: The take-home point? Little winter damage has been noted on woody plants as of yet. For more info: Two significant rain events contributed to the March total of 4.23” of precipitation. Cardamine hirsuta (hairy bittercress) began flowering in mid-March. Anyone working in the yard and garden on springtime cleanup and planting should be aware that there is the potential to encounter deer ticks. Woody plants observed in bloom include: Star Magnolia (Magnolia stellata), Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), goat willow (Salix caprea), witch hazel (Hamamelis x intermedia), American filbert (Corylus americana), February Daphne (Daphne mezereum), border Forsythia (Forsythia x intermedia) and fragrant Viburnum (Viburnum farreri). If a tick cannot attach and feed, it will not transmit disease. Rain showers in the last few days have helped to keep the soil moist. Host plants, bricks, stone, lawn furniture, recreational vehicles, and other smooth surfaces can be inspected for egg masses. The fly attacks no other species. We experienced another bitterly cold November in 2019, with temperatures 3–5°F below normal in the valley compared to historical averages. Bud swell on deciduous trees and shrubs is quite noticeable and, at present, it doesn’t appear that winter injury will be a problem. Multiflora rose and Japanese honey suckle have leaved out. Winter moth outbreaks and defoliation was first noticed in Massachusetts on Cape Anne on the North Shore, and near Cohasset, Hingham, and Rockland on the South Shore in the late 1990s. Species. Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing - The University of Massachusetts Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing Laboratory is located on the campus of The University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Pink smartweed and lambsquarters have germinated and have their first set of true leaves. Juniper, maple, poplar and Taxus have been contributing to the pollen count. If you believe you have seen damage caused by this insect, such as exit holes or egg sites, on susceptible host trees like maple, please call the Asian Longhorned Beetle Eradication Program office in Worcester, MA at 508-852-8090 or toll free at 1-866-702-9938. Well-Wishes for a Healthy, Safe 2020 Season from the Landscape, Nursery, and Urban Forestry Program. Don’t forget to protect yourself from ticks! Pheno Forecast maps predict key life cycle stages in invasive and pest species, to improve management efficacy. Target Canker of Hardwoods (, 8. Ixodes scapularis adults have been active all winter, as they typically are from October through May, and “quest” or search for hosts at any point when daytime temperatures are above freezing. For additional resources, see visit the UMass Landscape Extension Information Sheet. As we begin this surreal 2020 growing season, everyone here at UMass Extension hopes that you, your families, friends, coworkers, clients, and communities are healthy and prioritize safety, above all. Great horned owlets have hatched. To date, oak wilt has NOT been detected in New England but has been found at several sites in New York (Upstate, New York City and Long Island). Awesome!) Winter moth, Operophtera brumata, originally from Europe, has invaded eastern Massachusetts causing widespread defoliation and damage to many deciduous tree species and a variety of crop plants in the infested area.We identified O.brumata nucleopolyhedrovirus (OpbuNPV) in winter moth larvae collected from field sites in Massachusetts by using PCR to amplify a 482 bp … There are many caterpillars that may be referred to as woolly bears, but this one in particular is the larval stage of the Isabella tiger moth or Pyrrharctia isabella. General Conditions: It has been an unusually mild winter. Pests/Problems: As others have noted, ticks are active and deer are browsing up a storm. Do you have a suggestion of another species for which a forecast would help you make decisions? For much of the winter, precipitation (almost all rain here) would be accompanied by mild temperatures with cold stretches in between. In comparison to 2019, it seems flowering and plant development is at least two weeks ahead this year. We forecast caterpillar emergence based on growing degree days. On sunny days, neighbors can be seen walking up and down the road, soaking in the season change while practicing their social distancing. The ideal time to treat lecanium scale with dormant oil is 35-155 GDD base 50˚F. More information about this detection in Boston, where no established infestation was found, is provided here: Most of the Cape never had frozen soil, with only the top inch or two freezing and thawing periodically in January. and common henbit (Lamium amplexicaule) are beginning to bloom. Specifically, September of 2018 was very warm, and also wet, but temperatures plunged well below normal in November. including white, green, and black ash and has also been found developing in white fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus) and has been reported in cultivated olive (Olea europaea). If you believe you have located EAB-infested ash trees, particularly in an area of Massachusetts not identified on the map provided, please report here: . The Westerly Sun reports that the moths are native to Europe and began their scourge on Massachusetts trees in the 1990s. While there’s been regular rainfall, the NWS River Forecast Center shows all the major rivers in the valley (Deerfield, Millers, Westfield, Chicopee and the Connecticut) several feet below flood stage right now. On average, the winter weather was mild. Detailed reports from scouts and Extension specialists on growing conditions, pest activity, and cultural practices for the management of woody ornamentals, trees, and turf are regular features. Red maple buds are swelling and robins are singing and searching for food. To read individual sections of the message, click on the section headings below to expand the content: The following data was collected on or about April 8, 2020. The spotted lanternfly is considered native to China, India, and Vietnam. Adult insects of this species will not be present at this time of year. This species was a childhood favorite of mine, as I assume it is for many. Deer tick nymphs (immatures) are also active, and may be encountered at this time, through August. Beech Bark Disease (, 5. ... ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies • Site Contact. The function of the Soil and Plant Nutrient Testing Laboratory is to provide test results and recommendations that lead to the wise and economical use of soils and soil amendments. Read more about cankerworms in the spring scouting list below. For detailed control information and the most recent updates go to Search in the menu for “Fact Sheets”, then “Insects and Mites”, and then “Defoliators”.. While I am used to scouting primarily in Amherst, for now my observations are limited to what I can see in the lovely town of Chesterfield, MA. The first webinar will be on Gypsy Moth and Hardwood Defoliators of Massachusetts on Tuesday, December 1 st from noon to 1 pm.. DCR Forest Health Specialist, Felicia Hubacz will discuss the recent gypsy moth outbreak event and the lasting impact on … Piotr Naskrecki. The following issue has been updated to provide timely management information and the latest regional news and environmental data. Winter moth caterpillars can defoliate large deciduous trees. ), Japanese snowbell (Styrax japonicus), maple (Acer spp. However, they’ll also make themselves quite comfortable in ash, maple, and oaks. Phyllosticta Leaf Blotch (, 10. Have you used our Pheno Forecast maps to plan treatment activities, or to know when to search for pests of interest? Scilla siberica (Siberian squill), Chionodoxa luciliae (glory-of-the-snow), and Crocus have been actively blooming for two weeks or more, Forsythia exploded with the warm temperatures this week, as did Narcissus (daffodils). 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